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Offaly History (short for Offaly Historical & Archaeological) was first formed in 1938 and re-established in 1969 and is located at Bury Quay, Tullamore, Co. Offaly since 1993(next to the new Tullamore D.E.W Visitor Centre).

We are about collecting and sharing memories. We do this in an organised way though exhibitions, supporting the publication of local interest books, our website Offalyhistory.com , Facebook, open evenings, our library and offices at Bury Quay.

Our Mission
To promote Offaly History including community and family history

What we do:

  • Promote all aspects of history in Co. Offaly.
  • Genealogy service for counties Laois and Offaly.
  • Co. Offaly photographic records for study and sale in addition to a limited number of publications on Laois and Irish general historical interest.
  • Purchase and sale of Offaly interest books though the Society’s book store and website.
  • Publication of books under the Society’s publishing arm Esker Press.
  • The Society subscribes to almost all the premier historical journals in Ireland.

Our Society covers a diverse range of Offaly Heritage:

  • Architectural heritage, historic monuments such as monastic and castle buildings.
  • Industrial and urban development of towns and villages.
  • Archaeological objects and artifacts.
  • Flora, fauna and bogs, wildlife habitats, geology and Natural History.
  • Landscapes, heritage gardens and parks, farming and inland waterways.
  • Local literary, social, economic, military, political, scientific and sports history.

Offaly History is a non-profit community group with a growing membership of some 150 individuals.

The Society focuses on enhancing educational opportunities, understanding and knowledge of the county heritage while fostering an inclusive approach and civic pride in local identity. We promote these objectives through:

  • The holding of monthly lectures, occasional seminars, exhibitions and film screenings.
    Organising tours during the summer months to places of shared historical interest.
  • The publication of an annual journal Offaly Heritage – to date nine issues.
  • We play a unique role collecting and digitising original primary source materials especially photographs and oral history recordings
  • Offaly History is  the centre for  Family History research in Counties Laois and Offaly.
  • The Society is linked to the renowned Irish Family Foundation website and Roots Ireland where some 900,000 records of Offaly/Laois interest can be accessed on a pay-per-view basis worldwide. Currently these websites have an estimated 20 million records of all Ireland interest.
  • A burgeoning library of books, CD-ROMs, videos, DVDs, oral and folklore recordings, manuscripts, newspapers and journals, maps, photographs and various artifacts.
  • OHAS Collections
  • OHAS Centre Facilities

The financial activities of the Society are operated under the aegis of Offaly Heritage Centre Limited, a charitable company whose directors also serve on the Society’s elected committee. None of the Society’s directors receive remuneration or any kind. All the company’s assets are held in trust to promote the voluntary activities of the Society. Our facilities are largely free to the public or run purely on a costs-recovery basis.

Acting as a policy advisory body –  Offaly History endeavors to ensure all government departments, local authorities, tourism agencies and key opinion formers prioritise heritage matters.

Meet the current committee:

Our Committee represents a broad range of backgrounds and interests. All share a common interest in collecting and promoting the heritage of the county and making it available to the wider community.

2017 Committee

  • Helen Bracken (President)
  • Pat Wynne (Vice President and Joint Treasurer)
  • Niall Sweeney (Vice President)
  • Michael Byrne (Secretary)
  • Lisa Shortall (Deputy Secretary)
  • Dorothee Bibby (Record Secretary)
  • Charlie Finlay (Joint Treasurer)
  • Darrell Hooper
  • Brian Pey
  • Fred Geoghegan
  • Noel Guerin
  • Henry Edgill
  • Peter Burke
  • Angella Kelly
  • Rory Masterson
  • Shaun Wrafter
  • Ronnie Matthews
  • Oliver Dunne
  • Ciara Molloy
  • Stephen Callaghan (Heritage Items)

If you would like to help with the work of the Society by coming on a sub-committee or in some other way please email us or let an existing member know.

+353-5793-21421 [email protected] Open 9am-4.30pm Mon-Fri

The most haunted castle in Ireland: the story of novelist Andrew Merry (aka Mrs Mildred Darby) of Leap Castle, Co. Offaly, by Noel Guerin

Whilst dressing I was startled by a loud yell of terror stricken male and female voices coming – apparently from hall, and ran out to see the cause. My husband was out ahead of me at his heels I passed through corridor of wing and onto the gallery running round two sides of hall. Two lamps on gallery, two more in hall below. On the gallery, leaning with ‘hands’ resting on its rail, I saw the ‘Thing’ – the Elemental and smelt it only too well.

Mildred Henrietta Gordon Dill was born on 13 March 1869 daughter of Dr Richard Augusta Caroline Dill, of Birchwood, Brighton, England.  She was the youngest of six children, educated at Oxford and afterwards set her heart on a literary career and this would be difficult as her parents were Plymouth Brethren and higher education was not allowed for a woman. Before Mildred got engaged she ran off and joined the Salvation Army with the intention of tending to London’s poor. On 6 November 1889 at the age of twenty she married Jonathan Charles Darby, fifteen years her senior, and heir to Leap Castle and the Darby estates in King’s Co/Co. Offaly. Although young and small in stature Mrs Darby would prove to be no shrinking violet of a bride. She was intelligent, outspoken, high spirited and known to ride and shoot as good as any man. Shortly after arriving at Leap she took part in an all ladies cricket match an event most likely instigated by Mrs Darby amongst her new friends and neighbors. She was known for organising amateur theatre in Oxmantown Hall, Birr in aid of the Ormond hunt and received high praise from a reporter in a local paper for her efforts.

‘Thanks to Mrs Darby’s genius the programme was diversified and attractive to a degree seldom met with in provincial towns.’

A less than happy marriage

Mildred Darby/Andrew Merry  c. 1887

Their first child, Jonathan, born April 1892 died after just four weeks. The Darbys had four more children born by 1904. Diane 1893, Cicily 1895, Horatio 1898 and Florence born 1904. Mildred and Jonathan’s marriage appears to have run into trouble early. The death of their first child cannot have helped. Jonathan Darby was frequently away and when he did come home Mildred and the children were exposed to outbursts of rage and all the children feared their father. Mildred threw herself into rearing the children and her writings. It is believed that Mildred was writing before she was married but no records can be found.

 

The story writer Andrew Merry (aka Mrs M. Darby)

In 1893 Mildred Darby published the short story A Blank Day with the Ballyblutt Hounds in Outing: Sport, Adventure, Travel, Fiction, under the pen name of Andrew Merry. No other stories were published until 1898, in that year she published seven short stories.

An April Fool: published in the book Eleven under one cover

A Man with No Character

A House of Horrors

The Taking of Ballynagle Tower

The Man-Eater of Avaghoe

The Love of Darby MacCartney

The Folly of Albertina

These stories were published in three monthly magazines the Idler, the Harmsworth and the Belgravia.  More stories followed also published in the same three magazines.

Whom God Hath Joined (1899)

Her Ladyship’s Burglar (1901)

A Story of a House Party (1901)

Between 1901 and 1902 Mildred Darby/Andrew Merry published another nine short stories in the Weekly Irish Times:

A Brush With The Enemy: Why Doolin Fixed His Choice

The Tracheotomy Case: A London Hospital Story

The End of The Chapter

The True Story of An Irishwoman’s Experience in the Zulu War

Murdered: Or the Dart of Fate

The Lilies of The Field: A Tale Of Tea-Gowns

A Bear Hunt in the Rockies: The Tale of A Dog

Another English Woman’s Love Letters: And How They Went Astray

The Sundowners

Most of her writings are short stories and her books

The Naked Truth, and Other Stories (1900)

The Green Country (1902)

Paddy-risky (1903) are a collection of short stories.

Anthropid Apes (1908) is a novel. Mrs. Darby wrote favourable accounts about the tenants in locality at Leap, with a good understanding of their way of life.

 

A 2001 study of Leap Castle and the Darby family.

The smelling Ghost of Leap

Darby/Merry also wrote stories about the occult and ghosts she believed she experienced at Leap, a horrible grey thing human in shape and unclean with an offensive stench.

Kilman Castle “A House of Horrors” first published in Belgravia: a London Magazine 1898 but there is no doubt that it is a cover for the Leap. A much longer and more detailed account of the elemental and the happenings at Leap was published in The Occult Review, December, 1908.

 

 

The Hunger and Famine times in the Leap Castle area

The book The Hunger was originally published as The Pale Horse in the Freeman’s Journal as a short story. The Hunger was published by A. Melrose, London 1910.  This book although a novel dealt with the harsh realities of the Famine in Ireland (1845-9). It is taken from eye-witness accounts of the happenings around Leap at this time. The story put the landed gentry in a poor light in the way the treated the Irish tenantry during the famine years. Her husband Jonathan Darby always frowned on her writings and after the The Hunger was published he forbade her to publish any more stories. A short while later while galloping around Birr with her ponies she fell off her carriage and was in a coma for three weeks. She never fully recovered from this fall. The Hunger was the last of her writings to be published and is too day very rare and sought after. Offaly History acquired a copy for its library last year and cheap off prints are now also available.

Leap Castle destroyed in 1922 and happily once again occupied

 

Burning of Leap Castle during the War of Independence

In 1922 during the War of Independence Leap Castle was looted and burned to the ground. Jonathan and Mildred Darby had moved away from the castle for a period before the burning because of all the intimidation they received during the 1919-21 period. They had got word that the castle might be burned and Jonathan moved his books and valuables to a safe house nearby. However, Mildred’s possessions were still in the castle. Her clothes, jewellery, all her writings and books including a large collection of her unpublished stories and books were also destroyed. In giving evidence for the compensation claims hearings Mrs Darby said that over one hundred and fifty short stories and two complete novels were gone, representing over thirty years of work destroyed. Her husband had forbidden her to publish but she continued to write.

After the burning Mrs Darby and her husband went back and forth between Ireland and England for a time until all compensation claims were dealt with. Afterwards they went their separate ways. Mildred Darby moved back to England where she died on 5 January 1932 in Brighton and is buried there. Her husband Jonathan lived in Killiney Dublin.  He died in 1943 and is buried in Aghancon.

Offaly History first visited Leap Castle about 1974. During the tour we saw the famous ‘murder hole’. It was said at the time that Darby family members were particularly affected by the ‘smelling ghost’. On that day a Mrs Wellman (a Darby relationship) took ill during the tour and it thought to be connected with the family’s affliction when it came to the Leap Castle ghost.

Batty Langley doorcase at Leap Castle

Rex Ingram, Hollywood director much influenced by the ghost of Leap

One who may have been much influenced by the Leap Castle ghost was the Kinnitty man and Hollywood director, Rex Ingram (Hitchcock), His biographer Ruth Barton  in her book and in her article for Offaly History 8 (2015, pp 129-44) tells the story:

[Mrs Darby’s] range ran from light society fripperies, to murder mysteries, to historical melodramas such as ‘The True Story of an Irishwoman’s Experience in the Zulu War’ (The Weekly Irish Times, 21 December 1901), the Irishwoman in this case allegedly being her cousin. In 1900, she published The Naked Truth and in 1902, The Green Country. These were followed by Paddy-Risky: Irish Realities of To-day (1903), Anthropoid Apes. A modern novel (1909); The Hunger: being realities of the famine years in Ireland, 1845 to 1848 (1910). Between these novels and collections of stories, she also published stories in the Occult Review. One of these, ‘Kilman Castle: The House of Horror’, very evidently draws on Leap Castle, even if it is now relocated to the North West of Ireland and inhabited by the O’Connells. Kilman Castle is home to an unholy, festering apparition referred to only as ‘the Elemental’, which appears at night to unsuspecting guests and terrifies domestic staff and household pets alike. Writing a private letter to a Mr Carroll, Darby describes the same apparition in very similar terms:

Whilst dressing I was startled by a loud yell of terror stricken male and female voices coming – apparently from hall, and ran out to see the cause. My husband was out ahead of me at his heels I passed through corridor of wing and onto the gallery running round two sides of hall. Two lamps on gallery, two more in hall below. On the gallery, leaning with ‘hands’ resting on its rail, I saw the ‘Thing’ – the Elemental and smelt it only too well. At the same time, my husband pulled up sharply about 10 feet from the Thing, and half-turning let fly a volley of abuse at me ending up ‘Dressing up a thing like that to try and scare the fools of women and servants – to try and make a fool of me.’[i]

The letter reveals not only Mildred Darby’s belief in the supernatural but her husband’s dismissal of such beliefs. Other letters clearly indicate that there was little love lost between the two and Mildred evidently did not share Jonathan Darby’s strict Orange Unionist beliefs. …..

Brother of the film director

The two Hitchcock boys were frequent visitors to Leap Castle and Rex was much taken by his host’s blood-curdling ghost stories. At the same time, as he recalls in his own diaries, he was absorbed in local life, following the stories of horrible murders and learning folk remedies and other superstitions.[ii] It should not come as any surprise then that Rex would himself turn to supernatural events and mystical apparitions when he came to make his own films. However, Celtic tales and Gothic gore were not the only influences on the two young boys.

 

Further Reading

[i] Letter from Mildred to Darby to Mr. Carroll. 15 February. National Library of Ireland, Ms. 17,877. I have retained the somewhat idiosyncratic turn of phrase in the letter. Published works do not reflect this style. For more on Mildred Darby at Leap Castle, see Andrew Tierney, ‘The Gothic and the Gaelic: Exploring the Place of Castles in Ireland’s Celtic Revival’, International Journal of Historical Archaeology, Vol. 8, No. 3, September 2004, pp. 185-98.

[ii] Rex Ingram, A Long Way from Tipperary. Unpublished memoirs. Trinity College Dublin Archives, TCD MS 11448.

Leap castle: a place and its people by Marigold Freeman-Attwood was published in 2001 by Michael Russell (Publishing) Ltd. Wilby Hall, Wilby Norwich, England. Marigold Freeman-Attwood is the granddaughter of Jonathan Charles Darby JP who was High Sheriff of King’s County in 1893. The Darby family were owners of Leap castle and its estate of about five thousand acres for nearly three hundred years. See illustration of jacket above.

 

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