The Anglo-Norman Advance into the South-West Midlands of Ireland 1185-1221 – George Cunningham.
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This work discusses the Anglo-Norman advance and their early defensive sites, in or bordering on Ely O’Carroll, up to 1221, by which time the end of the first phase of incursion is dated. In general, commentators have stated that medieval North Tipperary, which included Ely O’Carroll, was well colonised before the death of the First Butler. Documentary and field evidence is brought together herein to demonstrate that this was not so: failure to survey minutely the local landscape has probably led to misguided conclusions
Throughout the work almost fifty figures illustrate, not only the earthworks, but the landscape, routes, settlements, and political and ecclesiastical divisions. The book concludes with some strategic considerations and factors which slowed the advance: the marchlands, the inhospitable terrain and the many monastic sites. Such difficulties are amply depicted by the heavily fortified Midland Corridor, which eventually enabled Theobald Walter Butler II, when he came of age in 1221, to consolidate his inheritance, albeit temporarily, along its route in Ely O’Carroll.
In a lengthy and valuable foreword, John Feehan discusses the medieval landscape, creating a picture of the land which the Anglo-Norman advance and subsequent colonisation altered radically.
This rare and second hand book is out of print.